Asia Pacific real estate investment dipped 20 per cent in 2020, says JLL
Asia Pacific real estate investment volumes declined by 20 per cent in 2020, but were buoyed by a final quarter recovery in which transaction levels remained flat year-on-year.
According to the JLL Capital Tracker, North Asia markets proved to be the most resilient in the fourth quarter. China (+21 per cent), Japan (+37 per cent) and Korea (+16 per cent) all recorded higher transaction volumes quarter-on-quarter due to stronger economic recovery and deep pools of domestic capital. Elsewhere in the region, a rebound in India investment transactions was supported by robust activity in the REIT sector.
Logistics and multifamily investments increased year-on-year in 2020, according to JLL, rising 29 per cent and 26 per cent respectively. These asset classes comprised nearly 30 per cent of total volumes, signalling how attractive they are to investors. By comparison, hotels, retail, and office transactions were the most affected, falling over 25 per cent year-on-year.
“Investors undoubtedly faced a challenging operating environment in 2020, but our interactions have confirmed that they refocused strategies and reaffirmed their commitment to the region. Given that transactions approached pre-pandemic levels in the fourth quarter, we expect investor confidence to grow in 2021 as capital adapts and the longer-term opportunities in the region become clearer,” says Stuart Crow, CEO, Capital Markets, Asia Pacific, JLL.
JLL forecasts that Asia Pacific real estate investment will continue to rebound in 2021, with direct transactions to rise 15 to 20 per cent year-on-year. Alternative asset classes such as logistics, multifamily and data centres are likely to drive investment activity this year. Office, retail, and hotel investment deals are forecast to increase in tandem with economic growth.
In the coming years, the prospect of an extended period of low returns and low interest rates is expected to further compress yields for various asset classes, says JLL. As a result, logistics assets in most cities are forecast to provide higher yields than office assets yet face lower income volatility. Furthermore, lower borrowing costs will offer wide spreads to compensate for lower rental growth.
“In a low growth, low rates world, the attractiveness of sectors with higher yields and historically lower rental growth can become more pronounced, and we expect logistics, data centres, and multifamily to be the beneficiaries of increased capital allocation. While most investors are still under-allocated to these sectors, we expect these classes to become a core part of their portfolios over the next few years. Another theme in 2021 could be a shift in asset allocation towards more opportunistic and value-add strategies,” says Regina Lim, Head of Capital Markets Research, Asia Pacific, JLL.
Office assets will remain core for most investors, but JLL expects more value-add strategies to emerge with demand for flex space, healthier buildings with more collaborative spaces to increase. The majority of Asia occupiers have returned to the office but expect remote working to rise by one day per week, according to JLL estimates.